Dandruff is a chronic scalp condition characterized by flaking of the skin on the scalp. It commonly occurs regardless of gender, ethnicity and commonly seen in half the population of post-pubertal age.


Dry Skin:
Dry skin flakes are smaller and less oily and more common.

Oily and irritated skin (Seborrhoeic dermatitis)
It is characterized by red oily skin covered by flaky white and yellow scales.

Not enough shampooing:
It one does not shampoo hair regularly oil and skin cells accumulate causing dandruff.

Other skin conditions:
Eczema (chronic inflammation of skin) and Psoriasis (rapid buildup of rough and dry skin that form thick scales) can lead to dandruff.

Malassezia globosa metabolizes triglycerides in sebum resulting in lipid byproduct oleic acid.Oleic acid penetrate to the top layer of the epidermis resulting in an inflammatory response.

Sensitivity to hair products:
One may exhibit sensitivity to certain hair product ingredients, for example, hair dyes, styling products etc.

Poor Diet, certain illnesses and mental stress can also cause dandruff.

Signs and Symptoms:

White oily flakes of dry skin falling on head and shoulders.
Itchy scalp skin.


Bacteria can enter your skin if there is a break on the skin of the scalp. If this happens, you may feel unwell, your that area of skin is red and swollen, you can see a doctor in this case.


Dandruff can be controlled with patience and persistence. Regular cleaning of hair and scalp with good anti-dandruff shampoo can help reduce dandruff. Ketoconazole is a very effective anti-fungal agent. People who use it are happy for the results. Zinc Pyrithione slows down yeast production.

Shampooing every day with anti-dandruff agents can keep dandruff under control. Then one can step down to lower frequency. Make sure the shampoo stays on your scalp before you rinse it off. If you rinse it off quickly, the ingredients will not have enough time to work.

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