Asthma is chronic lung disease, that inflames and narrows airway. It involves difficulty in breathing due to inflammation, mucus in the airways and tightening of muscles around the airways.
Every year asthma is celebrated on 1st Tuesday of May. In 1998, first Asthma day was initiated. Asthma day is celebrated to increase awareness. The world Asthma day is supported by organization Global Initiative for Asthma and World Asthma Foundation.
Asthma can not be completely cured but can be controlled by good management with regular doctor checkup, person can live normal, active life. Asthma most often occur in children.
There are two types:
1. Allergic asthma- caused by exposure to an allergen.
2. Non allergic asthma- caused due to stress, exercise, illnesses like cold or flu, or exposure to extreme weather, irritants in the air or some medications).
|Air pollutants, including dusts,
smoke, mists & fumes
|Diesel exhaust, tobacco smoke, coal, wood dusts, chemicals, paints, parents smoking.|
|Pollen’s, mites & molds||Trees, flowers, weeds, hay, plants.
|Animal dander||Birds, cats, dogs.
||Aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs.
||Egg, wheat, nuts.
Cold air, extreme dry air, wet , windy weather.
Good understanding of symptoms help to treat the condition with medicine and help to breathe easily. Symptoms depend upon the severity
Breathlessness or rapid breathing
Wheezing (whistling sound)
Feel tightness in the chest.
Sneezing & runny nose
Itchy and inflamed eyes
Treatment depends upon severity of asthma. It includes medicine:
To relax the airway muscle to breathe easily.
To reduce inflammation in airway.
Generally long term or short term medications are given, which act as a bronchodilator for the treatment of bronchial asthma.